Error: SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] php_network_getaddresses: getaddrinfo failed: Name or service not known
Notice: Undefined variable: everything in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 55

Warning: ksort() expects parameter 1 to be array, null given in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 56
<br /> <b>Notice</b>: Undefined variable: everything in <b>/home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php</b> on line <b>67</b><br /> - Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index 2015
Back to government.defenceindex.org
Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index 2015


Notice: Undefined variable: everything in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 96


Performance


Overall score Area scores

Assessment



Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political01. Is there formal provision for effective and independent legislative scrutiny of defence policy?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political02. Does the country have an identifiable and effective parliamentary defence and security committee (or similar such organisation) to exercise oversight?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political03. Is the country's national defence policy debated and publicly available?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political04. Do defence and security institutions have a policy, or evidence, of openness towards civil society organisations (CSOs) when dealing with issues of corruption? If no, is there precedent for CSO involvement in general government anti-corruption initiatives?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political05. Has the country signed up to international anti-corruption instruments such as, but not exclusively or necessarily, UNCAC and the OECD Convention? (In your answer, please specify which.)
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political06. Is there evidence of regular, active public debate on issues of defence? If yes, does the government participate in this debate?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political07. Does the country have an openly stated and actively implemented anti-corruption policy for the defence sector?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political08. Are there independent, well-resourced, and effective institutions within defence and security tasked with building integrity and countering corruption?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political09. Does the public trust the institutions of defence and security to tackle the issue of bribery and corruption in their establishments?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political10. Are there regular assessments by the defence ministry or another government agency of the areas of greatest corruption risk for ministry and armed forces personnel, and do they put in place measures for mitigating such risks?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political11. Does the country have a process for acquisition planning that involves clear oversight, and is it publicly available?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political12A. Is there a legislative committee (or other appropriate body) responsible for defence budget scrutiny and analysis in an effective way, and is this body provided with detailed, extensive, and timely information on the defence budget?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political12B. Is the approved defence budget made publicly available? In practice, can citizens, civil society, and the media obtain detailed information on the defence budget?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political12. Is the defence budget transparent, showing key items of expenditure? This would include comprehensive information on military R&D, training, construction, personnel expenditures, acquisitions, disposal of assets, and maintenance.
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political13. Are sources of defence income other than from central government allocation (from equipment sales or property disposal, for example) published and scrutinised?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political14. Is there an effective internal audit process for defence ministry expenditure (that is, for example, transparent, conducted by appropriately skilled individuals, and subject to parliamentary oversight)?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political15. Is there effective and transparent external auditing of military defence expenditure?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political16. Is there evidence that the country's defence institutions have controlling or financial interests in businesses associated with the country's natural resource exploitation and, if so, are these interests publicly stated and subject to scrutiny?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political17. Is there evidence, for example through media investigations or prosecution reports, of a penetration of organised crime into the defence and security sector? If no, is there evidence that the government is alert and prepared for this risk?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political18. Is there policing to investigate corruption and organised crime within the defence services and is there evidence of the effectiveness of this policing?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political19. Are the policies, administration, and budgets of the intelligence services subject to effective, properly resourced, and independent oversight?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political20. Are senior positions within the intelligence services filled on the basis of objective selection criteria, and are appointees subject to investigation of their suitability and prior conduct?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Political21. Does the government have a well-scrutinised process for arms export decisions that aligns with international protocols, particularly the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial22. How effective are controls over the disposal of assets, and is information on these disposals, and the proceeds of their sale, transparent?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial23. Is independent and transparent scrutiny of asset disposals conducted by defence establishments, and are the reports of such scrutiny publicly available?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial24. What percentage of defence and security expenditure in the budget year is dedicated to spending on secret items relating to national security and the intelligence services?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial25. Is the legislature (or the appropriate legislative committee or members of the legislature) given full information for the budget year on the spending of all secret items relating to national security and military intelligence?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial26. Are audit reports of the annual accounts of the security sector (the military, police, and intelligence services) and other secret programs provided to the legislature (or relevant committee) and are they subsequently subject to parliamentary debate?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial27. Off-budget military expenditures are those that are not formally authorised within a country's official defence budget, often considered to operate through the 'back-door'. In law, are off-budget military expenditures permitted, and if so, are they exceptional occurrences that are well-controlled?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial28. In practice, are there any off-budget military expenditures? If so, does evidence suggest this involves illicit economic activity?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial29. In law, are there provisions regulating mechanisms for classifying information on the grounds of protecting national security, and, if so, are they subject to effective scrutiny?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial30. Do national defence and security institutions have beneficial ownership of commercial businesses? If so, how transparent are details of the operations and finances of such businesses?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial31. Are military-owned businesses subject to transparent independent scrutiny at a recognised international standard?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Financial32. Is there evidence of unauthorised private enterprise by military or other defence ministry employees? If so, what is the government's reaction to such enterprise?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel34. Do the Defence Ministry, Defence Minister, Chiefs of Defence, and Single Service Chiefs publicly commit - through, for example, speeches, media interviews, or political mandates - to anti-corruption and integrity measures?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel35. Are there effective measures in place for personnel found to have taken part in forms of bribery and corruption, and is there public evidence that these measures are being carried out?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel36. Is whistleblowing encouraged by the government, and are whistle-blowers in military and defence ministries afforded adequate protection from reprisal for reporting evidence of corruption, in both law and practice?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel37. Is special attention paid to the selection, time in post, and oversight of personnel in sensitive positions, including officials and personnel in defence procurement, contracting, financial management, and commercial management?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel38. Is the number of civilian and military personnel accurately known and publicly available?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel39. Are pay rates and allowances for civilian and military personnel openly published?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel40. Do personnel receive the correct pay on time, and is the system of payment well-established, routine, and published?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel41. Is there an established, independent, transparent, and objective appointment system for the selection of military personnel at middle and top management level?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel42. Are personnel promoted through an objective, meritocratic process? Such a process would include promotion boards outside of the command chain, strong formal appraisal processes, and independent oversight.
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel43. Where compulsory conscription occurs, is there a policy of not accepting bribes for avoiding conscription? Are there appropriate procedures in place to deal with such bribery, and are they applied?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel44. With regard to compulsory or voluntary conscription, is there a policy of refusing bribes to gain preferred postings in the recruitment process? Are there appropriate procedures in place to deal with such bribery, and are they applied?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel45. Is there evidence of 'ghost soldiers', or non-existent soldiers on the payroll?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel46. Are chains of command separate from chains of payment?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel47. Is there a Code of Conduct for all military and civilian personnel that includes, but is not limited to, guidance with respect to bribery, gifts and hospitality, conflicts of interest, and post-separation activities?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel48. Is there evidence that breaches of the Code of Conduct are effectively addressed ,and are the results of prosecutions made publicly available?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel49. Does regular anti-corruption training take place for military and civilian personnel?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel50. Is there a policy to make public outcomes of the prosecution of defence services personnel for corrupt activities, and is there evidence of effective prosecutions in recent years?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Personnel51. Are there effective measures in place to discourage facilitation payments (which are illegal in almost all countries)?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Operational52. Do the armed forces have military doctrine addressing corruption as a strategic issue on operations?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Operational53. Is there training in corruption issues for commanders at all levels in order to ensure that these commanders are clear on the corruption issues they may face during deployment? If so, is there evidence that they apply this knowledge in the field?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Operational54. Are trained professionals regularly deployed to monitor corruption risk in the field (whether deployed on operations or peacekeeping missions)?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Operational55. Are there guidelines, and staff training, on addressing corruption risks in contracting whilst on deployed operations or peacekeeping missions?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Operational56. Private Military Contractors (PMCs) usually refer to companies that provide operational staff to military environments. They may also be known as security contractors or private security contractors, and refer to themselves as private military corporations, private military firms, private security providers, or military service providers.
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement57. Does the country have legislation covering defence and security procurement and are there any items exempt from these laws?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement58. Is the defence procurement cycle process, from assessment of needs, through contract implementation and sign-off, all the way to asset disposal, disclosed to the public?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement59. Are defence procurement oversight mechanisms in place and are these oversight mechanisms active and transparent?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement60. Are actual and potential defence purchases made public?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement61. What procedures and standards are companies required to have - such as compliance programmes and business conduct programmes - in order to be able to bid for work for the Ministry of Defence or armed forces?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement62. Are procurement requirements derived from an open, well-audited national defence and security strategy?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement63. Are defence purchases based on clearly identified and quantified requirements?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement64. Is defence procurement generally conducted as open competition or is there a significant element of single-sourcing (that is, without competition)?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement65. Are tender boards subject to regulations and codes of conduct and are their decisions subject to independent audit to ensure due process and fairness?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement66. Does the country have legislation in place to discourage and punish collusion between bidders for defence and security contracts?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement67. Are procurement staff, in particular project and contract managers, specifically trained and empowered to ensure that defence contractors meet their obligations on reporting and delivery?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement68. Are there mechanisms in place to allow companies to complain about perceived malpractice in procurement, and are companies protected from discrimination when they use these mechanisms?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement69. What sanctions are used to punish the corrupt activities of a supplier?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement70. When negotiating offset contracts, does the government specifically address corruption risk by imposing due diligence requirements on contractors? Does the government follow up on offset contract performance and perform audits to check performance and integrity?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement71. Does the government make public the details of offset programmes, contracts, and performance?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement72. Are offset contracts subject to the same level of competition regulation as the main contract?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement73. How strongly does the government control the company's use of agents and intermediaries in the procurement cycle?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement74. Are the principal aspects of the financing package surrounding major arms deals, (such as payment timelines, interest rates, commercial loans or export credit agreements) made publicly available prior to the signing of contracts?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement75. Does the government formally require that the main contractor ensures subsidiaries and sub-contractors adopt anti-corruption programmes, and is there evidence that this is enforced?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources


Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /home/governmentdefenc/public_html/generate-report.php on line 138
Procurement76. How common is it for defence acquisition decisions to be based on political influence by selling nations?
ScoreN/A
Assessor Comments
Assessor Sources